Latin Names & Abbreviations

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How to transcribe registers

When people search a database, they will be searching for example, for the first name "William" rather than Gulielmus, etc.

Therefore we must standardise the input of first names to a modern form.

This is not a definitive total list - more may be added.
Note that Latin names were not used in every-day speech. They were only used in the written form.

The every day speech form ("spoken" in the table below) was essentially the same as we use it today. The Margaretae Simpson of old didn't shout "Bartolomaeus... get in here for dinner!"

When transcribing parish registers from Latin, use the spoken form. That is what people will be looking for when they search a database.

Latin              Spoken                Notes
Adamus             Adam
Adria              Audrey
Adria              Adrian                Shortened form. also Hadrian
Adrianus           Adrian                also Hadrian
Aegidius           Giles                 male form
Aemilius           Emlyn                 Welsh form
Aeneas             Angus                 Scottish form
Agneta             Agnes
Alannus            Alan                  sometimes Alannus
Alicia             Alice
Alianora           Eleanor
Alitia             Alice
Aloysius           Lewis                (Irish)
Aloysius           Llewelyn             (Welsh)
Amabilia           Mabel
Ambrosius          Ambrose
Ambrosius          Emrys                (Welsh form)
Amia               Amy
Amica              Ames                 (no longer in use)
Andreas            Andrew
Anna               Ann
Antonius           Anthony
Arcturus           Arthur
Arturus            Arthur
Audria             Audrey
Avicia             Avice

Barnabas           Barnabas
Barnabus           Barnaby
Bartolomaeus       Bartholomew
Beatrix            Betteris             (note not Beatrice, which is 19C)
Benedictus         Bennet
Benedictus         Benedict             can be either
Beniaminus         Benjamin             (i = j)
Brigitta           Bridget              Irish is Bridie

Caecilia           Cecily               also Cisley, Cicil. (Not Cecilia 19C)
Caelia             Celia                Irish Sheila, Sile
Caritas            Charity
Carolus            Carol
Catalina           Catherine
Catherina          Katherine            Welsh Caitlin
Cecilia            Cecily               (Not Cecilia 19C)
Christiana         Christian            also written Xtiana in Latin. 
                                        (Christina is modern late 19C)
Christopherus      Christopher          also written Xtopherus or Xtopher
Clemens            Clement              male
Clementia          Clemency             female
Coelia             Celia
Constantia         Constance            female
Constans           Constant             male
Constantius        Constant             male
Cornelius          Cornelius
Crispianus         Crispian             also written Xpianus
Christoverus       Christoper           also written Xtoverus
Cutbartus          Cuthbert
Cudburdus          Cuthbert
Cuthbertus         Cuthbert
Danielis           Daniel
Davidus            David
Diana              Diana
Dionysia           Denise              female. strictly really Denis
Dionysius          Dennis              male. strictly really Denis
Dorothea           Dorothy
Dulcia             Dowse               not Dulcie, which is late 1800s

Edmondus           Edmund
Edrus              Edward              abbreviation of Edwardus
Edwardus           Edward
Egidia             Giles               female
Egidius            Giles               male
Elena              Ellen
Eleanora           Eleanor             can also be Ellen
Elinora            Eleanor             can also be Ellen
Eliza.             Elizabeth           (abbr. form)
Elizabeta          Elizabeth
Emma               Emme                also Em, but not Emma which was revived 1800s
Emmota             Emmott              "little Emme"
Ethelreda          Audrey
Eugenius           Eugene              in Wales, Owen; in Scotland, Ewen
Eusebius           Eusaby
Eustachius         Eustace
Eva                Eve
Ezekius            Hezekiah
Ezekielis          Ezekiel

Felicia            Phillis
Felix              Felix               male
Ferdinandus        Ferdinando          not Ferdinand, but similar name
Fida               Faith
Fedilia            Troth
Florens            Florence            male
Franciscus         Francis             male
Francisca          Frances             female (although sometimes used mistakenly as m.)
Fridericus         Frederick           sometimes spelled Federicus

Galfridus          Geoffrey            may mean Godfrey
Gaufridus          Geoffrey            may mean Godfrey
Gartruda           Gertrude
Gasparus           Jasper
Gatharuda          Gertrude
Georgius           George
Giraldus           Gerald
Girardus           Gerald
Gorgius            George
Gratia             Grace
Griselda           Grizzel             revived 1800s
Gualcherius        Walter
Gualterius         Walter
Guido              Guy
Guinevra           Winifred            in Wales: Gwyneth, Jennifer
Guglielmus         William
Gulielmus          William
Guillelminus       Willemin
Guillemota         Wilmot              female. common in Devon & Cornwall

Hadrianus          Adrian
Hannor             Hannah
Hannoria           Hannah
Helena             Helen               but also Ellen, Elinor
Hericus            Harry               also Henry?
Henricus           Henry
Hierimia(s)        Jeremiah
Hieronimus         Jerome              (also Jeremy, Jeronimo)
Homfridus          Humphrey
Honfridus          Humphrey
Honoria            Honor
Hugo               Hugh

I                                      I = J so see J e.g. Iohannes = Johannes
Ioannes            John
Isabella           Isabel
Isaakus            Izaak
Ishachus           Izaac

Jabus              James               abbr. of Jacobus = James
Jacobus            James
Jacoba             James
Jana               Jane                Wales: Sian
Janetta            Janet
Jeremia            Jeremiah           (Jeremy)
Jerominus          Jerome
Jno.               John               abbr. of Johannes
                                      *never* let anyone tell you that this is
                                      Jonathan! It is *always* John.
Joanna             Joan
Johanna            Joan               Wales: Sian
Joannes            John
Johannes           John               Wales: Evan
Johes              John
Josephus           Joseph
Josias             Josiah
Josua              Joshua
Judia              Judy
Juditta            Judith
Juliana            Gillian            (Jill)
Julianus           Julian             male

Katalina           Katherine
Katharina          Katherine

Laura              Lore               (not Laura, which is 19C)
Laurentius         Lawrence
Lennardus          Leonard
Leonardus          Leonard
Leolinus           Llewelyn            Wales
Lucas              Luke
Lucias             Luke
Lucia              Lucy
Ludovicus          Louis              (not Ludovic which is late 1800s)

Marcus             Mark
Maria              Mary
Marianna           Mary Ann
Marina             Marina
Martinus           Martin
Matilda            Maud               (not Matilda as modern use)
Mattheus           Matthew
Matthias           Matthew
Matthia            Martha
Martha             Martha
Mauritius          Maurice
Micaelis           Michael
Mycaelis           Michael
Misericordia       Mercy

Nicholas           Nicholas
Nicholaus          Nicholas

Octavius           Octavius           (an eighth son)
Offylus            Theophilus
Oliverus           Oliver
Ollaferus          Oliver
Omfridus           Humphrey
Onfridus           Humphrey
Onoria             Honor

Patentia           Patience
Patricus           Patrick
Peregrinus         Peregrine
Petronella         Parnel             female
Petrus             Peter
Philippa           Philip             female ! (she would be called Philip)
Philipus           Philip             male
Phillida           Phillis            female
Phillipus          Philip             male
Phineas            Phineas
Placentia          Pleasant

Radolphus          Ralph
Radulphus          Ralph
Ranulphus          Ranulf
Randulphus         Randolph           but Randall in Shropshire & Cheshire
Reginaldus         Reynell            not Reginald which is 1800s
Ric.               Richard            abbreviation
Ricardus           Richard
Richdus            Richard            abbreviation
Richardus          Richard
Ricus              Rhys               In Wales
Ricus.             Richard            abbreviation of Richardus. Care here!
Robertus           Robert
Rogerus            Roger
Rosa               Rose
Rosamunda          Rosamund
Rosamundi          Rosamund

Scientia           Sense              female
Septimus           Septimus          (seventh son)
Sextus             Sextus            (sixth son)
Sibylla            Sibyl
Spes               Hope
Stephanus          Stephen
Sylvanus           Sylvanus

Terentius          Terrence
Thoma              Thomas
Thomas             Thomas
Tomas              Thomas
Thomasina          Tamsin            female. (sometimes Tomsin in use)
Timotheus          Timothy
Tobias             Toby

Umfridus           Humphrey
Ursula             Ursula            sometimes called Ursley in use
Wido               Guy               (see Guido)
Willielmus         William           (illiterate written form of Gulielmus)
Wilmota            Wilmot            female. Common in Devon & Cornwall

Xpianus            Crispian          note that it was very common indeed
Xpofer             Christopher       to write "Christ" as "X" (a cross)
Xtianus            Christian         Xmas is not a modern abbreviation.
Xtopher            Christopher       It was always written that way!
Xtopherus          Christopher


see also

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